As the rebirth of culture and art flourished in the palaces and piazzas of Europe, so new worlds and new discoveries brought exotic plants to the terraces and hothouses. Botanic and floral art proliferated as the Medici and northern European courts employed artists to depict the exotic and expensive rarities that blossomed at their command. Flowers and fruits boasted the wealth of their patrons, whilst memento mori warned of mortality to come. Female artists forged careers across the continent and canvases of flowers burst forth with insects and butterflies, setting the scene for the Dutch Golden Age to follow, whilst looking back at the religious inspiration of the medieval. We will explore Renaissance flower art from backdrop to limelight, Botticelli to da Vinci.